Dairy House Management for Dairy Farm to Start Dairy Business in Bangladesh
Dairy House Management for Dairy Farm
It’s a constantly evolving business in the dairy industry. So, proper dairy house management is essential for the dairy farm when you’re in dairy business in Bangladesh. As management practices change with new technology and regulations, it moves the industry toward better economic and environmental sustainability. Also, it does loosely divide into intensive and extensive systems of the management strategies.
Based on a low input and low output philosophy, extensive systems operate. Because of being intensive systems adopt a high input high output philosophy. Available technologies, local regulations, and environmental conditions along with these philosophies, all together conditions manifest in the different management of nutrition, housing, health, reproduction, and waste.
What is Dairy House Management for Dairy Farm?
Depending on their age, nutritional needs, reproductive status, and milk production status, most modern dairy farms divide the animals into different management units. And among the units, dairy house management is one of them. Also, the house management involves many factors while you’re in a dairy farm business.
When producing as much high-quality milk as possible, the group of cows that are currently lactating often manages most intensively to make sure their diet and environmental conditions are conducive to the milking herd.
Moreover, as they are groups of animals with different nutritional needs, some farms the milking herd further divide into milking strings. Before giving birth to their next calf calls dry cows, the segment of the adult herd that is in the resting period. This is because they are not being milked.
Related Content: Best Breeds of Cow for Milking to Start a Daily Farm in Bangladesh
Besides, depending on the climate, dairy size, and feeding strategies, dairy cattle housing systems vary greatly throughout the world. Its temperature extremes, it’s the obvious issue for humanely housing cattle. It can decrease fertility and milk production in cattle when there is heat stress. So, it’s a very common method for reducing heat stress to provide shade.
While making barns, it should incorporate fans or tunnel ventilation into the architecture of the barn structure. When rarely deadly for cattle, cause increases in maintenance energy requirements and thus better feed intake and lower milk production, overly cold conditions.
So, dairy cattle often keep inside barns which warm by their collective body heat, during the winter months, where temperatures are low enough. And from relevant environmental conditions, dairy house management system must provide access to-
- Water and
Importance of Dairy House Management for Dairy Farm
In many cases, the animals simply outgrow the housing system where the modern dairy cow is considerably larger in stature. As cows house for a significant period of the lactation and consequently, shortcomings, it’s the housing systems that become more noticeable. This is because it can create significant adverse effects on animal health, welfare, and production.
It must provide for the spatial and behavioral needs of the cows if a housing system is to be successful. Dairy house management for your dairy farm is vital as it requires providing animals with protection from-
- Adverse climatic conditions,
- grazing is not possible to confine,
- Or may simply allow easier control and
- Management of the herd
As it can affect the health of the cows, the design of the system and the level of management are useful to the system. Also, they can have an impact on both lameness and mastitis when the cleanliness of the housing and animals.
The so, the accommodation must provide the cow’s most basic needs irrespective of the production system selected. If you do it then you can maximize the performance of the cows. And it’s important to understand how an animal behaves when performing routine activities to achieve this. These include:
- Rising and
Feed Provision of Dairy House Management System
It’s also an important feature of the dairy house management system to provide a good feed provision. As cows turn out to graze on pasture when the weather permits, pasture-based dairies are a more extensive option. And when poor pasture conditions persist, the diet must be supplemented.
Because feed is brought to the cattle at all times of the year, it makes lots are intensive housing options. Also, when they feed, rest, drink, or stand, the free stall barns design to allow the cows freedom to choose. Moreover, depending on the climate, they can be either fully enclosed or open-air barns again.
In addition, with anything from mattresses to sand, the resting areas, which call free stalls, divides into beds lined. The floor is often making of groovy concrete in the lanes between rows of stalls. As the weather allows, most barns open onto open corrals, which the cattle are free to enjoy. And, since feed has the supply, open lots are dirt lots with construct shade structures and a concrete pad.
Dairy House Management Separates Fresh Cows from Others
It needs dairy house management of the cows for the first 2 to 4 weeks after calving when possible. If you do it then it will allow you to target management time, labor, facilities, and other financial resources. Besides the stress associated with calving, changes in diet and housing create additional stress. Blood concentrations of cortisol and other stress hormones increase with additional stress.
With adequate fans and sprinklers to reduce heat stress, fresh cows need a house with 30 inches of bunk space. To prevent cows from slipping need to make concrete alleys. Although time spent in the holding pen should be kept to a minimum, it’s no longer than 2 to 2.5 hours daily. And fresh first-calf heifers need to make separate from mature cows if possible.
Dairy House Management for Pre-Calving Feeding
As for feeding and dairy house management practices for dry cows, it late lactation dairy cows directly impact the health, milk production, and reproductive performance after calving. You should keep practicing the following things:
- Providing adequate, not excessive amounts of energy
- Reducing stress on close-up dry cows
- Housing first-calf heifers separately from mature cows
- Minimizing the movement of cows/heifers between groups
- Providing 36 inches/cow of feedbunk space
Early Detection of Disease
It can help in the early diagnosis of diseases when there is a keen daily observation and taking a cow’s body temperature for the first 10 days post-calving. It may elevate body temperatures if cows are with metritis. So, according to procedures developed after consulting with your local veterinarian, you should treat it. And make it’s essential to ensure that cows are eating and ruminating. They should restrain to allow for a more complete visual appraisal if they have problems.